Glossary of Terms

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CAD - Computer-Aided Design.  A computer software system that allows users to create drawings or drafts on the computer rather than the traditional way of drawing on paper.
Cantilever Rack - A rack system utilizing columns (uprights) with arms cantilevered off of them.  Systems can be either single-sided or double-sided.  Double-sided also utilizes only one column but arms are attached to each side.  Cantilever rack is good where full frontal clearance is required.  Used a lot in building material, plumbing and furniture industries.
Capacity - Maximum uniformly distributed load recommended by manufacturer.  Capacity deals with static and not dynamic loads.
Carousel - A type of computer automated storage and retrieval system (AS/RS) where associates pick and replenish product from set location and computer brings storage location to associate.  Carousels can be either horizontal or vertical.  Vertical Lift Modules are a type of vertical carousel where storage trays allow for storage of different height products unlike a vertical carousel.
Cart - A piece of mobile equipment with (4) wheels to transport product.  Carts can be made of wood, plastic, wire or steel.  There many accessories for carts to accommodate many applications.
Carton - A cardboard box used to house products for shipping and storage.  Also known as a case.
Case - A cardboard box used to house products for shipping and storage.  Also known as a carton.
Case Pick - The process of picking product in full carton quantities to be shipped.  Usually picked and put on a conveyor, a pallet or a cart.
Chain Conveyor - A type of powered conveyor used to convey pallets or heavy-duty containers.  Industrial chain is actual transport device as chain comes into contact with product.  Very common in pallet handling applications to move pallets at 90 degrees.
Chain Hoist - A lifting device that uses link chain in a loop configuration.  The chain in the hoist is operated either manually, electrically or pneumatically.
Chock - Piece of safety dock equipment to be located behind truck wheels when truck is backed up to a dock to prevent unwanted movement.  Usually constructed of rubber, metal or wood.
Chute - Type of gravity conveyor similar to a children’s slide.  Products use gravity to slide down an inclined chute.
Closed Shelving - Shelving with steel side and back panels utilized in lieu of cross bracing for security or product separation.
Code - Standards or specifications used by industries to manage conformity and safety.
Collapsible Container - A container whose sides can be folded or broken down when not in use to allow for space savings in a warehouse or truck.
Column Mounted Jib Crane - A crane where the jib is suspended from either a floor-mounted column or a building column.  Also known as pillar-supported jib crane.
Commercial Shelving - Shelving manufactured with a lighter gauge steel for applications where heavy-duty capacity is not required.  Shelves usually support less than 350 # uniform distributed load.
Conductive Container - A container that is static dissipative.
Consultant - A professional who has knowledge and expertise in a particular field.  In material handling and supply chain industry, a consultant can have operational, design, logistics or process analysis expertise.
Container - Rectangular storage device that is used to house product for picking or shipping operations.  Containers can be made of plastic, cardboard, steel or wire.
Controls - The devices installed on a material handling system to control the integration and flow of data between the business system and product.
Conveyor - A device designed to move cartons, totes, pallets or bulk material from one location to another.  Conveyor can move product with power or the use of gravity.  A conveyor can move products horizontal to ground, or product can be inclined, declined or move 90 degrees vertically.
Conveyor Belt - A continuous looped device designed to convey product directly, or used to power rollers that convey the product.  Belts can be rubber, plastic, PVC or steel.
Counterbalanced Truck - A type of mobile equipment or forklift where weight is added to offset the weight of product equipment is required to lift.
Crane - A lifting device designed to move product up, down or horizontally either manually, electrically or pneumatically.
Cross Belt Sorter - A type of conveyor sortation device where a small piece of belt conveyor is inserted to divert product off of main conveyor line to a sort lane.
Cross Docking - The operation of receiving product at a dock and shipping it out of another dock in the same process and not utilizing any type of storage.
Cubing - A measure used to determine the amount of space an individual product or system utilizes.
Cycle Time - The amount of time required to complete the order process.  It includes every aspect of the order process including picking, getting product to shipping and replenishment of that product.
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